What is Adab?
March 16, 2009
Courtesy of adabinislam.blogspot.com
The word adab is not fully translatable from Arabic to English. It encompasses all the good things a Muslim must do. Adab linguistically means to invite people for food. The Arabic word Ma’duba is a word derived from the word Adab, and means to invite all or many Пишу people for all types of food, or a gathering around a table. Adab hence includes all that is good; every noble characteristic, habit, or trait that is included within the scope of adab.
Ibn Al-Mubarak said, “Mukhlid Ibn al-Husayn once said to me,‘We are more in need of acquiring adab than learning Hadith’”.
This highlights that knowledge alone is insufficient to build a sound and balanced Islamic personality. Imam Zakariya al-Anbari once said: ‘Knowledge without Adab is like fire without wood, and Adab without knowledge is like a spirit without a body’.
So, vast amounts of knowledge and severe lack in adab, means a person is little more than a donkey laden with books. What use are the books to that donkey without being able to read? Similarly, what use is knowledge to a 9001 Muslim, without the practical mannerisms and etiquettes that really define us as Muslims?
Traditionally, adab was not taught but acquired and embodied between interactions cheap MLB jerseys between people. It has been narrated Rabi’-Ul-Awwal that Imam Ahmed would have had up to 5000 attendees at his gatherings, maybe 500 would write and learn; the rest (4500) would simply learn from his actions, his adab. This has such importance that we learn by what we see, whether that is good or bad, hence it is essential and somewhat detrimental that we teach only that which is good, as the bad habits are perhaps the easier to acquire.
Looking at other classical examples from our pious Ulema; the wholesale jerseys mother of Imam Malik would place an imama on his head and send him to his teacher Rabi’ah ibn Abdurrahman (nicknamed: Rabi’ah Ar-Rai’), to learn first from his manners, his adab and then his knowledge. Indeed the deen of Islam is itself manners, where anyone that surpasses you in manners, is better than you in deen (Ibn al-Qayyim). Abu Huraira (RA) narrated, that the Prophet (SAW) said:
“I have not been sent as a Messenger, except to perfect character (Akhlaaq)”
He also said that:
“The nearest of you to me on the Day of Judgement will be the one who is best in character.” (Bukhari)
All the books of Hadith have chapters on Adab. For example:
- Muwatta’, Imam Malik: The book of good behaviour
- Sahih al-Bukhari: The électrification book of manners
- Sahih Muslim: The book of dutifulness, ties of kinship and manners.
- Sunan Abi Dawud: The book of manners
- Sunan at Tirmidhi: The book of manners, and the book of dutifulness and ties of kinship.
- Sunan Ibn Majah: Chapters on Manners.
The book Al Adab Al Mufrad was separated by Imam Bukhari because he was aware of its great importance in everyday living. When we talk about Adab we must first begin with our Adab with Allah (SWT) in terms of akhlaaq, sincerity, actions, avoiding shirk etc. We must qualify our respect for Allah (SWT) and His attributes, His signs, His Symbols (the Quran, the Masãjid and everything connected to Him). Then we must purify and qualify our Adab with the Prophet (SAW). In quantifying, wholesale jerseys Allah (SWT) tells us 社区电商是母婴行业的下一个金矿吗？ in the Quran that in His (SAW) manners and style, the Prophet (SAW) was a perfect example:
“Truly, you have the best of manners”
(Quran BOURBON Al Qalam: verse 4)