Reminder of the virtues of Ramadan through Prophetic Traditions, Hadeeth
Three people whose “Du’aa” is not rejected
Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaahu anhu) reports: Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said: “There are three people whose “Du’aa” is not rejected;
- the fasting person until he breaks the fast,
- the just ruler,
- and the oppressed person, whose ‘Dua’ Allah lifts above the clouds and opens unto it the doors of heaven, and Allah says: “I swear by My honour, verily I shall assist you, even though it may be after some time.”
(Ahmad & Tirmidhi)
5 GIFTS the Ummah was given for the month of Ramadan
Abu Hurayrah relates that Rasulullah (SAW) said, “My Ummah were given five things for Ramadan which were not given to anyone except them. For them,
- The smell from the mouth of a fasting person is more sweeter to Allah than the fragrant smell of musk.
- On their behalf the fish in the sea seek forgiveness for the fasting persons until they break their fast.
- Allah prepares and decorates a special garden in Jannah everyday and then says (to it), “The time is near when faithful servants shall cast aside the great trials of the world and come to you”.
- In this month (for them) evil-minded Shaytaan is chained so as not to reach unto those evils to which they normally reach during other months besides Ramadan.
- On the last night of Ramadan they are forgiven”. The Sahaabah R.A. thereupon enquired, “0 Messenger of Allah, is that last night Laylatul Qadr? Rasulullah (SAW) replied, “No. But it is only right that a servant should be given his reward on having completed his service”.
Reported by Ahmad, Bazzaar and Bayhaqi
4 Things to do in abundance in Ramadan
We hope you and your family are enjoying the month of Ramadan. Are YOU aware of the four things you should perform or do in abundance throughout this holy month? If so, have you been practising upon this recommendation?
The 4 things are:
- Recite the Laa llaaha illallaah in abundance
- Beg Allah’s forgiveness by reciting Astagirfirul-laah in abundance
- Beg of Allah to ensure your entrance into paradise
- Ask refuge in Allah from Jahannam.
While walking, driving, relaxing, cooking, doing chores, one may easily observe these four practises.
This advice of Al-Nabi (saw) was reported to us in Ibn Khuzayma (ra) Saheeh
Rewards in Ramadan
Salmaan (RA) reports, “On the last day of Sha-baan Rasulullah (SAW) addressed us and said, ‘0 people there comes over you now a great month, a most blessed month in which lies a night more greater in virtue than a thousand months. It is a month in which Allah has made Fasting compulsory by day. And has made sunnah the (Taraaweeh) night prayer. Whosoever intends drawing near to Allah by performing any virtuous deed, for such person shall be the reward like the one who had performed a fardh in any other time. And whoever performs a fardh, shall be blessed with the reward of seventy faraa-idh in any other time.
This is indeed the month of patience, and the reward for true patience is Jannah ( paradise. It is the month of sympathy with one’s fellowmen. It is the month wherein a true believer’s rizq is increased. Whosoever feeds another who fasted, in order to break the fast at sunset, for the feeder there shall be forgiveness of sins and emancipation from the fire of Jahannam (hell}, and for such feeder shall be the same reward as the one who Fasted (who he fed) without that persons reward being decreased in the least.”
Thereupon we said, “0 messenger of Allah, not all of us possess the means whereby we can give a fasting person to break his fast.” Rasulullah (SAW) replied, “Allah grants the same reward to the one who gives a fasting person to break the fast a mere date, or a drink of water, or a sip of milk.”
“This is a month, the first of which brings Allah’s mercy, the middle of which brings His forgiveness and the last of which brings emancipation from the fire of Jahan-nam.”
“Whosoever lessens the burden of his servants (bonds-men) in this month, Allah will forgive him and free him from the fire of Jahannam.”
“And in this month four things you should continue to perform in great number, two of which shall be to please your Lord, while the other two shall be those without which you cannot do. Those which shall be to please your Lord, are that you should in great quantity bear witness that there is no deity to worship except Allah (i.e. recite the Kalimah Tayyibah Laa llaaha illallaah) and make much Istighfaar beg Allah’s forgiveness with Astagirfirul-laah).” And as for those without which you cannot do, you should beg of Allah, entrance into paradise and ask refuge in Him from Jahannam.”
“And whoever gave a person who fasted water to drink, Allah shall grant that giver to drink from My fountain, such a drink where after that person shall never again feel thirsty until he enters Jannah.”
Reported by ibn Khuzaimah in his ‘Saheeh.
All the points which this Hadith draws attention have been further emphasized in numerous other Ahaadith on the great virtues of Ramadhaan. Quite a number of important points are brought to our notice. Firstly, it should be noted that Rasulullah (SAW) delivered this sermon at the end of the month of Sha-baan the obvious reason being that he intended to put into our minds the great importance of Ramadhaan so that we could remember and not allow one second of this month to go by without giving it the full importance it deserves. Thereafter attention is drawn to Laylatul Qadr, about which more is said later. Then attention is drawn to the fact that fasting has been made compulsory by Allah who also made sunnah the Taraaweeh ‘salaah by night.
From this Hadith it is noted that the command for Taraaweeh prayers too comes from Allah Himself. Besides this in all the Ahadith wherein Rasulullah (SAW) says, I have made it sunnah”, is mainly to emphasize its importance. All the authorities of the Ahlus sunnah wal Jamaa’ah are agreed upon the fact that Taraaweeh is sunnah. )
Importance of Gaining Forgiveness in Ramadan
Kaab bin Ujra relates, “Rasulullah (SAW) said, “Come near to the pulpit”. And we came near it.
When he ascended the first step of the pulpit he said “Aameen”.
When he ascended the second step of the pulpit he said, “Aameen”.
When he ascended the third step he said, “Aameen”.
When he descended we said, “0 Rasul of Allah, we have heard from you today something which we never heard before”.
He said, “When I ascended the first step Jibra-eel A.S. appeared before me and said, “Woe to him who found the blessed month of Ramadhaan and let it pass by without gaining forgiveness“, Upon that I said, “Aameen””.
“When I ascended the second step, he said “Woe to him before whom thy name is mentioned and then does not send blessing (salaat alan Nabi) on you”. I replied “Aameen””.
“When I ascended the third step he said, “Woe unto the person in whose presence both parents or one of them attain old age, and (through failure to serve them) is not allowed to enter Jannah” I said “Aameen””.
Night of Qadr and What to Recite
Ubaadah bin Saamit (Radhiallaho anho) reports that he asked the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) about “Laylatul Qadr”.
He replied: “It is in Ramadhan, during the last ten days, on the unevenly numbered nights, either the 21st 23rd, 25th, 27th, 29th or the last night of Ramadhan. Whosoever stands in “Ibaadah” on this night, with sincere faith and with genuine hopes of gaining reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.
“Among the signs of this night is that it is a serene, quiet, shining night, neither hot, nor cold but temperate as if a moon is shining clear, and no meteors are shot at the “Shayateen” on that night; it lasts until the break of the dawn.
“Another sign is that at morn, the Sun rises without any radiant beams of light, appearing rather like the moon in it’s fullness. On that day, Allah prohibits the “Shayateen” from rising up with the Sun.”
In another Hadeeth, Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah: ‘O Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr, what should I say during it?’ He said:
Allahumma innaka ‘affuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni’
‘Say: O Allah, You are Oft-Pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me.'”
[Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmidhi].