Hajj and Madina Guide

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Hajj Manual

Hajj Guide

Click Here to Download a printable copy of the Hajj Manual

Madina Manual

Madina Guide

Click Here to Download a printable copy of the Madina Manual – VISITING MADINA MUNAWARRAH & PERFORMING THE ZIYARAH (VISIT) OF THE MESSENGER (PBUH)

Complete Hajj Guide

“And pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, upon everyone who is able to undertake the journey to it” – 3:96 Quran

VIRTUES OF HAJJ

  • From Abu Hurayrah, that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) was asked which deed is best. He said, “Belief in Allah and His Messenger.” He
    was asked, then what? He said, “Jihaad for the sake of Allah.” He was asked, then what?
    He said, “Hajj Mabrour (an accepted Hajj).” (Bukhaari)
  • Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Prophet (peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Whoever does Hajj for the sake of Allah and does
    not, commit sin, or dispute unjustly (during the Hajj), will come back like the day his
    mother gave birth to him.” (Bukhaari)
  • Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “‘Umrah is expiation for the time between it and
    the previous ‘Umrah, and an accepted hajj have no less a reward than Paradise.”
    (Bukhaari)
  • Aa’ishah, the Mother of the Believers (may Allah be pleased with her) said: I said, O
    Messenger of Allah, can we not go out on campaigns and fight in jihad with you? He
    said, “Your jihad is Hajj, an accepted pilgrimage.” ‘Aa’ishah said, I never stopped going
    for Hajj after I heard that from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be
    upon him). (Bukhaari)
  • Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be
    upon him) said: “Keep on doing Hajj and ‘Umrah, for they eliminate poverty and sin just
    as the bellows eliminate impurities from iron and gold and silver.” (Tirmidhi, Nasaa’i)
  • Ali said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “One
    who possesses wealth and has all the means by which he could reach the Sacred House of
    Allah (the Ka’bah) and yet does not perform Hajj, he then may either die as a Nasraani
    (Christian) or a Majoos (fire-worshipper).” (Tirmidhi)
  • Abd-Allah ibn Abbas said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
    him) said: “Umrah in the month of Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj.” ( Ibn Hibban)
  • Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When you receive a pilgrim, offer peace and after
    physically greeting him, ask him to seek forgiveness for you before he enters his house, as
    the pilgrim is indeed forgiven.” (Ahmad)

 

ORIGIN OF HAJJ

Origin from the beginning of creation:

In `Ta’jeez ` it has been stated that the first person to perform a pilgrimage was Prophet Aadam (alaihis salaam). He set off by foot from India until he reached his destination of Mecca. It has been further stated that whilst on pilgrimage the Angel Jibreel said unto Adam (alaihis salaam), “The angels have been performing Hajj 70 000 years before mankind.” Hence Tawaaf of the Divine House of the Almighty was enforced long before the creation of mankind. After Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) completed the building of the Kaaba, Allah ordained that he must convey to mankind the revelation of Hajj. Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) questioned, “How will I be able to tell the whole of mankind?” Thus the Almighty assured, “God reveals to you, and it is up to me to convey the message to all.” Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) announced, “Oh people, you have been ordained to perform Hajj.” Whosoever was present between the Heavens and the Earth heard Ibrahim’s (alaihis salaam) call and each soul who was then to perform Hajj in the lifespan of the world accepted and responded to the call.

Origin in the Shariah of Muhammad (saw)

The actual period of time in which Hajj became compulsory is open to question. Within differing opinions some scholars believe Hajj was enforced, as an obligatory act in the year 6 A/H, whilst others believe the year was 9 A/H. The most authentic of views is believed to be in the latter part of the year 6 A/H.

In the year 10 A/H the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam performed Hajj as an obligatory pilgrimage, teaching the principles of a virtuous Hajj. This Hajj was named ` Hajj atul-Widah’ as it was the Prophet’s Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam’s last blessed Hajj. It was within this Hajj that the beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam voiced `The Last Sermon’.

The verse indicating the obligation of Hajj is, “And pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah,upon everyone who is able to undertake the journey to it” – 3:96 Quran

Literal definition of Hajj

To intend of a glorified, honorable task or place

Legal definition of Hajj

The visit of a specific geographical area, during a precise time within a particular way, manner and mode.

 

OBLIGATION OF HAJJ

  1. Hajj is obligatory on free, sane, healthy adults if
    • they are capable of [affording] provision and transportation, in excess of one’s dwelling, of that which is essential, and the maintenance of one’s family until the time of his return, and
    • the way is safe, and
    • for a woman, her having a mahram or husband to perform hajj with her, is considered. It is not permissible for her to perform hajj without [these] two if there is between her and Makkah a distance of three days’ and nights’ journey.
  2. If a youth attains maturity, or a slave is freed, after entering ihram, and they continue thus, it does not suffice them for the Hajj of Islam

 

MASAA’IL REGARDING THE MAHRAM

  1. If the Mahram is a minor or one who is so irreligious that even his mother and sister cannot trust him, then it is not proper to travel with such a person.
  2. When a trustworthy Mahram is found, it is not permissible for the husband to refuse permission for her to travel. If he does, she should still proceed for Hajj.
  3. A girl almost attaining maturity should also be accompanied by a Mahram.
  4. A woman going for Hajj (with a Mahram) should bear all the cost of the Mahram. (Explanation needed)
  5. If no Mahram is found by a woman all her life, it will not be regarded a sin if she does not perform Hajj. However, such a woman MUST mention in her will that someone be sent for Hajj on her behalf after her death. This will be binding on her inheritors provided it is possible to fulfill the Hajj expenses from one-third of her estate.

Note: It is NOT proper for a woman in IDDAT, being widowed or divorced, to disrupt her Iddat and go for Hajj.

 

TYPES OF HAJJ

THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF HAJJ:

  1. QIRAAN: To perform Umrah first in the month: of Hajj, (Shawwaal, Zil Qa’dah and the first days of Zil Hijjah) and thereafter to perform Hajj with the same Ihraam, i.e. one will remain in the Haram of Makkah (varying from 5 to 14.5 km in various directions) in the state of Ihraam from the moment the Meeqaat is entered until the Ihraam is released between the 10th and 12th of Zil Hijjah (sun set).(the moment tawaf Ziyarah is performed, all restrictions of Ihraam are uplifted)
  2. TAMATTU: To perform Umrah during the month of Hajj and release the Ihraam. Thereafter perform Hajj the same year.
  3. IFRAAD: To perform Hajj only, during the days of Hajj.

The one who performs:

  1. Qiraan is called a Qaarin.
  2. Tamattu is called a Mutamatti’.
  3. Ifraad is called a Mufrid.

Note: According to the Hanafi school of thought Qiraan is considered the best. Thereafter Tamattu’ and lastly Ifraad.

 

THE IHRAM

THE MAWAQIT

  1. The mawaqit which it is not permissible for a person to pass except in the state of ihram are:
    • for the people of Madinah : Dhu’l-Hulayfah,
    • for the people of `Iraq : Dhatu-`Irq,
    • for the people of the Levant (al-Sham) : al-Juhfah,
    • for the people of Najd : Qarn al-Manazil,
    • for the people of Yemen : Yalamlam.
  2. If one entered ihram before these mawaqit, it is valid.
  3. The miqat of one whose dwelling-place is after the mawaqit, is al-Hill. (Taneem Aisha’s (ra) mosque)
  4. The miqat of one who is in Makkah is the Haram for hajj and al-Hill for `umrah. (Taneem Aisha‘s (ra) mosque)
  5. The Months of Hajj are: Shawwal, Dhu’-Qa`dah, and the first ten of Dhu’l-Hijjah. But, if one entered ihram for hajj before this, it is valid, and it counts as hajj except that he must wait until the time of hajj to perform the rites.

 

METHOD OF TAMATTU’A

ENTERING IHRAM

When one desires to enter ihram, he…

  1. Performs ghusl or wudu’, but ghusl is better
  2. Wears two new or washed cloths: an izar (waist-wrapper) and a rida’ (upper garment). Both shoulders are meant to remain covered in Ihraam, except during Idtiba for men.
  3. Applies perfume if he has some
  4. He prays two rak`ah, preferably reciting Kafiroon and Ikhlaas
  5. Says, (Mutamatti’) Allahumma inni uridu’l-umrah fa-yassirhu li wa-taqabbalhu minni
    Umrah Niyyah
    O Allah, I intend performing Umrah, render it easy for me, and accept it from me.
  6. Pronounces talbiyah after his salah, preferably 3 times. (Talbiyah initiates the state of Ihram)

After Salah before reciting Talbiya he may recite:
لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ بِعُمْرَ
LabbaikAllahumma bi-`umrah
Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making ‘Umrah

In fear of not completing the ‘Umrah, recite:
اللَّهُمَّ مَحِلِّيْ حَيْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي
Allahumma mahillee haithu habastanee
O Allah, [If I am prevented by an obstacle then indeed] my place is where You prevent me.

Standing, face the Qiblah and recite:
اللَّهُمَّ هَذِهِ عُمْرَةٌ لاَ رِيَاءَ فِيْهَا وَلاَ سُمْعَة
Allahumma haadhihi umrah , laa riyaa’a feehaa wa laa sum’ah
O Allah, there is neither showing off nor seeking repute in this ‘Umrah.

Then loudly recite the talbiyah:
لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْك، لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْك،
إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَ النِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَ الْمُلْكُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَك
“Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk, Innal hamda wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak”*
Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call), here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Indeed all the Praise, Grace and Sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner.

Also from the talbiyah, you can recite:
َلبَّيْكَ ِإَلهَ اْلحَق
Labbaika ilaahal haqq
Here I am O Lord of Truth.

• If he is performing hajj alone (ifrad), he intends hajj with his talbiyah.
• It is not appropriate to leave out any of these words, but if one added [something] after them it is permissible. *

Note: Make sure you are not wearing a qalansowah, or topee when you recite the Talbiya

When in Ihraam repeat the Talbiyah as often as possible. When ascending, descending waking up, going to sleep, and each and every single action is desirable to be accompanied with talbiyah. It is Mustahab to repeat it thrice whenever recited. After the Niyyah and Talbiyah one becomes a Muhrim (one who’s Ihraam is valid).

Furthermore it is praiseworthy to recite Salah and Salam after reciting the talbiya and engaging in supplications, preferably those taught to us by the Messenger (saw)

 

FORBIDDEN DEEDS DURING IHRAM

When one has pronounced talbiyah, he has entered ihram, and so he should keep away from that which Allah has forbidden:

  1. rafath (sexual intercourse, or sexual talk),
  2. fusuq (sins) and
  3. jidal (argument).
  4. He should not kill game, nor point it out, nor direct to it.
  5. He should not wear a shirt, nor pants, nor a turban, nor a cap, nor a gown. nor should he wear khuffs. (leather socks)
  6. He should not cover his head, nor his face. Women who wear niqab should use for example a baseball cap, etc, to ensure cloth does not touch her face. (Explanation needed)
  7. He should not apply perfume. This also includes soap, shampoo, deodorant, scented lotion, toothpaste and chewing gum, which have a strong mint taste.
  8. He should not shave his head, nor his body hair, nor cut anything from his beard, nor cut his nails.
  9. He should not wear a garment died with saffron or safflower, unless it has been washed and does not exude fragrance.
  10. He should not wash his hair or beard with scented products.

 

PERMISSIBLE DEEDS DURING IHRAM

There is no harm in:

  1. Performing ghusl
  2. Entering a bathhouse
  3. Taking shade under a house, or a canopy
  4. Tying a himyan (belt to carry money) around his waist.

 

RECOMMENDED DURING IHRAM

One should recite talbiyah abundantly, after salah, and whenever one mounts an elevated place, or descends into a valley, or meets riders, and in the last part of the night.

 

METHOD OF TAMATTU’A

THE TAWAF OF ARRIVAL (QUDOOM)

When one enters Makkah, he begins by going to the Sacred Mosque. Upon entering al-Masjidul-Haraam with the right foot, recite:
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ سَلِّم،
اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِك
Allahumma salli `alaa muhammadin wa sallim –
Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika
O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad,
O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me.

The Niyyah for I’tikaaf should also be made
Itikaaf Niyyah
I intend making I’tikaaf for Allah till I remain in the Masjid

And the Talbiyah is recited constantly.

On sighting the Ka’ba Shareef pronounce Takbeer and Tahleel and recite:
Takbeer and Tahleel
O Allah, You are Peace, and from You is peace, therefore keep us alive with peace. O Allah, increase this house of Yours with reverence, dignity, honor and respect, and increase those who perform Hajj or Umrah towards it in dignity, honor, reverence, obedience and righteousness

Thereafter one should engage in making Du’aa (supplication) for this is a place where Du’aas are accepted. There is no Tahiyatul Masjid as the tawaf is the greeting of Masjid ul Haram

Note: One ceases the talbiyah when one starts the tawaf.

One should make the intention of tawaf; it is as follows:

Tawaf Niyyah
O Allah, I intend performing Tawaaf around Your sacred house, seven circuits for Allah, who is Mighty and Dignified. Hence render it easy for me and accept it from me 

NOTE: It is mustahab to perform Istiqbaal (welcoming) of the Kabah. The hands should be elevated in the manner of Takbeer Tahrima pointing towards Al Hajrul Aswad, recting takbeer and tahlil.

  1. Then, one starts at the Black Stone, faces it, pronounces takbir, thus recites:
    Takbeer
    Allah is Great; there is no deity besides Allah  (One may recite peace and blessings and other zikr aswell)
    raises his hands and touches it, and kisses it if one is able to do so (this is called Istilaam) without harming any Muslim. Kiss the stone if possible, otherwise points towards it) and begins the tawaf
  2. Then, he starts walking to his right, by the door of the Ka`bah,
  3. Having donned his rida’ in the style of idtiba’ (men only – uncover right shoulder by placing Ihram underneath right arm-pit.)
  4. One makes ones tawaf (circumambulation) around the Hatim.
  5. One performs raml in the first three circuits, and walks calmly in the remaining four.
  6. One touches the Stone whenever one passes by it, if one is able, and one ends the tawaf with touching it.
  7. Then, one proceeds to the Maqam (Station of Prophet Abraham) and prays two rak`ah at it, or wherever he is easily able to in the Mosque.

Starting at al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone), men only – uncover right shoulder by placing Ihram underneath right armpit. When beginning each circuit, make a sign with your right hand towards al-Hajarul-Aswad, and recite:
Takbeer
Allah is Great; there is no deity besides Allah  (One may recite peace and blessings and other zikr aswell)

Make seven circuits of Ka’bah (for first three circuit’s only, men only – swiftly walk around the Ka’bah; Then begin fourth circuit, walking at normal pace completely around and finish until seventh circuit).In total, Al Hajr ul Aswad will be kissed 9 times (including the one after drinking zam zam right before Sa’y). During each circuit, whilst between ar-Ruknul-Yamaanee (The Yemeni Corner) and The Black Stone, recite:
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ
حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار
Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa ‘adhaaban naar
Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!

Cover right shoulder, and then go behind Station of Ibrahim and recite:
وَاتَّخِذُوْا مِنْ مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ مُصَلًّى
Wattakhidhoo min-maqaami ibraaheema musalla
And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.

TWO RAK’AATS WAAJIB SALAAH AFTER TAWAAF

After completing the Tawaaf, perform two Rak’aats Waajib Salaah, behind Maqaame Ibrahim. If this is difficult, one may perform it at any other place (in the Musjide Haraam), preferably close to the Ka’ba.

These two Rak’aats should not be performed during the forbidden and Makrooh times, (i.e. at sunrise, Zawaal, sunset or after Asr Salaah).

For a Tawaaf performed after Asr, the two Waajib Rak’aats will be performed immediately after the three Farz of the Maghrib Salaah, and not after the Sunnah of the Maghrib Salaah.

It is Mustahab to recite Surah Kaafiroon in the first Rak’ah and Surah Ikhlaas in the second Rak’ah.

Remember: The two Rak’aats Waajib have to be performed for every complete Tawaaf, (i.e. seven circuits).

Note: One may proceed to Multazam (Door of the Kaaba) and engage in dua, taubah ect. Before drinking Zam Zam.

Then go to Zam-Zam well and drink from it, then pour some water overhead. Recite the following duaa:
Zam Zam Dua
O Allah, I am asking You for beneficial knowledge, and abundance in provision, and cure from every ailment

One should now return to the Hajjare Aswad and make Istilaam. While making Istilaam, say:
Takbeer
Allah is Great; there is no deity besides Allah  (This Istilam is Mustahab)

 

THE SA’Y

  1. Then, one sets out to Safa. One climbs onto it, faces the qiblah, pronounces takbir and tahlil, invokes blessings on the Prophet (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), and supplicates Allah for his needs.
  2. Then, one descends calmly in the direction of Marwah.
  3. Then, when he reaches the inside of the valley, he runs between the two green posts.
  4. He proceeds until he comes to Marwah, and then he climbs onto it and does as he did on Safa.  This is one round, and he performs seven such rounds, such that he begins at Safa and ends at Marwah.

Note: The Sa’ee Area is approximately 1/2 km (= 0.31 mile) each round. The total 7 rounds are less than 3.5 km (= 2.17 miles).

Haram Map

Make the intention for the Sa’y after climbing on to Al-Safa for the first time by saying:

Saaey Niyya

O Allah, I intend performing Sa’ee between Safa and Marwah, seven circuits for Allah, therefore, make it easy for me, and accept it from me

Thereafter recite:
إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ
حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ
بِهِمَا وَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاآِرٌ عَلِيْم
Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha’aa’irillaahi faman hajjal baita ‘awi`tamara falaa junaaha ‘alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa’a khiran fa’innAllaha shaakirun ‘aleemun
Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwah are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah of the House to perform the Tawaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower.

Each time upon as-Safa and al-Marwah facing Ka’bah, recite the following 3 times followed by making Du’aa:
اَللَّهُ أَآْبَر، اَللَّهُ أَآْبَر، اَللَّهُ أَآْبَر
لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَ يُمِيْتُ وَ هُوَ عَلَى آُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْر؛
لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ
وَ نَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَ هَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَ حْدَه
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar – laa illaaha illallahu wahdau laa shareekalah – lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu – yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer – laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah – anjaza wa’dahu wa nasara ‘ abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner.  To Him belong all Sovereignty and all Praise. He alone gives life and causes death; He is Omnipotent over all things. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. He has fulfilled His promise, and helped His slave, and He alone has defeated the confederates.

Between the walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah and al-Marwah to as-Safa, It is strongly encouraged to recite:
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَم، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الأَعَزُّ الأَآْرَم
Rabbighfir warham innaka antal a’azzul akram
O Lord forgives me and have mercy, Verily You are the Mightiest and Noblest.

Complete walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah (one circuit), then al-Marwah to as-Safa (second circuit) and continue for seven circuits, finishing at al-Marwah. Upon encountering green lights, men only – run from one light to other light.

Note: Try to reflect upon the struggle Hajar (as) went through trying to find water for her thirsty son Ismail (as). It is praiseworthy to offer 2 units of prayer after the Sa’y

Upon leaving al-Masjidul-Haraam with the left foot, recite:
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ سَلِّم،
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِك
Allahumma salli ‘ala muhammadin wa sallim –
Allahumma innee ‘as’aluka min fadhlika
O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad,
O Allah, verily I ask you from Your Favour.

Finally,
Men: cut hair equally from all over head (trim) or shave. Rasulullah made du’a 3 times for those who shaved their hair and made du’a once for those who trimmed their hair (Bukahri)
Women: cut one-third finger length of hair.

Remove Ihram, as all restrictions are now lifted – and await morning of 8th of Dhul-Hijjah

 

A BRIEF HAJJ GUIDE FOR TAMATTU HAJJ ONLY

BEFORE 8TH ZUL HIJJAH

  1. Shower/Wudhu. Don Ihram before the Meeqat. Perform 2 Rakah Nafl. Make intention for Umrah. Start proclaiming Talbiyah. Refrain from forbidden acts.
  2. Tawaf Al-Qudoom (Umrah). Pray 2 Rakah Nafl.
  3. Sa’ee of Safa & Marwa.
  4. Shave or Trim your hair.
  5. Take off the Ihram (Everything permissible till the 8th of Zul Hijjah).

8TH ZUL HIJJAH

  1. In the morning: Take a shower (ghusl) or wudhu. Don Ihram. Perform 2 Rakah Nafl. Make intention for Hajj. Start proclaiming Talbiyah. Refrain from forbidden acts.
  2. Proceed to Mina from the place of residence (Five Prayers at Mina (Qasr) without joining)

9TH ZUL HIJJAH – DAY OF ARAFAH

  1. Proceed to Arafah after sunrise. Perform Zuhr and Asr there (Shortened-Zuhr and Asr will be performed at their respective times).  Note: Takbeer Tashriq commences from the 9th Fajr prayer until the Asr of the 13th. It is Sunnah to increase the recitation of the Quran and remembrance of Allah and making of Dua on the Day of Arafah. It is a Sunnah to face the Qibla when making Dua whilst raising the hands. It is not a Sunnah to face the mountain of Arafah when making Dua. The Valley of Urnah is not within the bounds of Arafah. It is not a Sunnah to climb the Mount Arafah.
  2. Proceed towards Muzdalifah after sunset calmly and in a peaceful manner.
  3. After arriving at Muzdalifah, perform Magrib and Esha together at Esha time with one Azaan and one Iqamah. Only two Rakats for Esha.
  4. Collect approx. 70 pebbles at Muzdalifah. Keep safely in a packet.
  5. Stay overnight in Muzdalifah. Perform Fajr early and increase the recitation of Quran and remembrance of Allah after the prayer.
  6. Proceed towards Mina when it becomes bright but before sunrise. Note: The weak and the elderly are allowed to leave for Mina after midnight.

10TH ZUL HIJJAH

  1. Stone only Jamrat Al-Aqaba after Ishraaq with seven pebbles whilst saying the Takbeer with every pebble thrown. Timing of stoning commences from true dawn (beginning of Fajr time) and expires on the next morning at true dawn. The sunah time is until zawal
  2. Slaughter an Animal (Qurbani)
  3. Shave or trim your hair.
  4. Now you are free to dress into regular everyday clothes. Everything is permissible except for resuming conjugal relationship.
  5. Tawaful Ifadha/Ziyarah (which can be done anytime during the Tashreeq days before the sunset of the 12th)
  6. Perform Sa’ee on completion of Tawaful Ifadha, the state of Ihram is completely lifted.

11TH ZUL HIJJAH

  1. Stay overnight at Mina.
  2. Rami (stoning) of the all the three Jamarat starting with the smallest one then the medium one then the largest one. (7 pebbles for each one whilst reciting the Takbeer). Timing for stoning commences from zawal and expires on the next morning at true dawn. The sunnah time is until sunset.

12TH ZUL HIJJAH

  1. Stay overnight at Mina
  2. Rami of the all the three Jamarat starting with the smallest then the medium then the largest one. Timing for stoning commences from zawal and expires on the next morning at true dawn. The sunnah time is until sunset.  Note: It is permissible to go from Mina to Makkah before sunset and make the Tawaf of Departure.

13TH ZUL HIJJAH

  1. Rami of the all the three Jamarat starting with the smallest then the medium one then the largest one. (7 pebbles for each one whilst reciting the Takbeer).Timing for stoning commences from zawal and expires on the next morning at true dawn. Stoning before zawal is undesirable.  The sunnah time is until sunset.
  2. Leave Mina for Makkah.
  3. Tawaf of Departure is Wajib. If it is not done, then a penalty will have to be paid.
  4. A woman who is menstruating will not make the Farewell Tawaf till the bleeding stops.
  5. Note: one only has to stone on the 13th, if he was in Mina that morning

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