Dhul Hijja – The First Ten Days

Loading
loading..
Dhul Hijjah - First Ten Days

 

Dhul Hijjah – The First  Ten Days

Source: Madania Community


 

Chapter 1: The Significance of the First Ten Days

Contents

Not too long ago, many of us were preparing ourselves for the month of Ramadan. As the month came, the level of our worship and spirituality reached highs like never before. Many  increased their prayers, their remembrance of Allah (SWT), and made resolutions for the months to follow in hope of changing their lives for the better. While the fortunate  among us have stayed true and steadfast to these promises and resolutions, many of us found our resolutions to have come to an end before even hearing the takbeer of the ‘Eid prayer.

Now as the days of Hajj come near, we are offered yet another opportunity  by Allah (SWT)  to get back on track! While those performing  Hajj busy themselves in worship, Allah (SWT) has gifted  the rest of the ummah  a chance to get closer to him as well.

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,  “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah (SWT) than these ten days (of Dhul Hijjah).” The people asked, “Not even fighting for the sake of Allah (SWT)?” He said, “Not even fighting for the sake of Allah (SWT), except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with neither.” (Bukhari)

The Islamic year is coming  to an end. It is up to us to end this year on a good note and to solidify our previous resolutions with the hope of getting closer to Allah (SWT)       . May Allah (SWT)       accept and make this a turning point in our lives! Ameen.

This course has been divided into 3 segments. The first segment consists of acts of worship we should be doing during the ten days of Dhul Hijjah along with basic things we should avoid. The second segment pertains to the day of ‘Eid, the history behind it, and Sunnahs to act upon that day. The final segment is in regards to sacrificing an animal on the day of ‘Eid and the rulings which pertain to it.

 

Section 1: Virtue of the Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah:

قال الله تعالى: ) والفجر وليال عشر ( و قال ابن كثير رحمه الله: واللَّي الِ الْع شْر الْمُ راد بِِ ا عشْر ذِي الِْْجَّة ك ما ق ال ه اِبْن عبَّاس (وابْن الزُّب يْر ومُُ اهِد وغ يْر واحِد مِنْ السَّل ف والْْ ل ف (تفسير ابن كثير(

Allah (SWT)  has mentioned  in the Qur’an, “I swear by the breaking of dawn and the ten nights.” Ibn Kathir  has mentioned,  “The ten nights (mentioned in the aforementioned verse) refers to the ten days of Dhul Hijjah. This has been narrated  by Ibn Abbas, Ibn Zubair, Mujahid and others.(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

عن عبد الله بن قُ رْط عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال : ” إن أعظم الأيام عند الله تبارك وتعالى يومُ النحر ، ثم يوم ال ق رِ ” ) أبو داود)

Abdullah bin Qurt (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)         said, The greatest day in the sight of Allah (SWT) is the day of sacrifice (the tenth of Dhul hijjah) and the day of rest (the following day). (Abu Dawud)

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما من أيام العمل الصالح فيها أحب إلى الله من هذه الأيام يعني أيام العشر، قالوا: يا رسول الله، ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله؟ قال: ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله، إلا رجل خرج بنفسه وماله فلم يرجع من ذلك بشيء ) أبو داود (

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has said, There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah (SWT) than these ten days (of Dhul Hijjah). The people asked, Not even fighting for the sake of Allah (SWT)?” He said, “Not even fighting for the sake of Allah (SWT), except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and  came back with nothing.” (Abu Dawud)

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله : ))ما مِن أ يام أعظمُ عند الله ولا أح ب إلى الله العملُ فيه ن من أ يام العشر،
فأكثِروا فيه ن من التسبيح والتحميد والتهليل والتكبير )الطبران (

Ibn Abbas (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)      said,

“There are no days greater in the sight of Allah (SWT)   and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah), so during this time recite SubhanAllah (SWT), Alhamdulillah, La ilaha ill-Allah (SWT), and Allah (SWT) u Akbar in abundance. ” (Tabrani)

قال ابن القيم :فالصواب فيه أن يقال ليال العشر الأخير من رمضان أفضل من ليال عشر ذي الْجة وأيام عشر ذي الْجة أفضل من أيام عشر رمضان )زاد المعاد(

 

Ibn Qayyim (RA) has mentioned,  The correct opinion  is that the last ten nights of Ramadan are more virtuous than the first ten nights of Dhul Hijjah. However, the ten days of Dhul Hijjah are even more virtuous than the (last) ten days of Ramadan.” (Zaad al-Ma’ad)

 

 

Section 2:

Actions to focus on during the ten days

Undoubtedly, this is an immense opportunity gifted to us by Allah (SWT)  . Deeds we carry out regularly  are even more rewarding  during  these days. It is up to us to ensure that we try to do as many  good  deeds as possible during  this time. While  there are some actions specifically mentioned in ahadith to be done in abundance, generally, we should try to do as many good deeds as possible. Therefore, below we will mention some general good actions, along with some specific deeds, that should be done during these blessed days. Our pious predecessors used to strive extremely hard to do good deeds during these days. May  Allah (SWT) allow us to follow in their footsteps! Ameen.

وكان سعيد بن جبيررحمه الله: “إذا دخلت العشر اجتهد اجتهادا حتى ما يكاد يقدر عليه ” )الدارمي(

 

When the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah) would commence, Saeed bin Jubayr would strive so much (in doing good deeds) until he could almost not do anymore. (Darami)

 

Reading Quran:

عن عبد الله بن عمرو رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلَّى اللَّّ عل يْهِ و سلَّ م قال الصيام والقرآن يشفعان للعبد يوم القيامة يقول الصيام أي ربي إن منعته الطعام والشهوة فشفعني فيه ويقول القرآن رب منعته النوم بالليل، فشفعني فيه قال فُي شفَّ عان ) أحمد

 

Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr      reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, Fasting and the Qur’an will intercede on behalf of a slave (of Allah (SWT)) on the day of judgment. Fasting will say, ‘O my Lord! I have deprived him from food and fulfilling his carnal desires. Accept my intercession on his behalf.’ The Qur’an will say, ‘O my Lord! I have deprived him of sleeping at night, accept my intercession on his behalf.’” The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)   said, “Both of their intercessions will be accepted.” (Ahmad)

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم من قرأ حرفا من كتاب الله فله به حسنة والْسنة بعشر أمثالها لا أقول آلم حرف ولكن ألف حرف ولام حرف وميم حرف )ترمذي(

 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah (SWT), he will have a reward, and this reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that ‘Alif, Laam, Meem’ (a combination of letters frequently mentioned in the Holy Quran)  is a letter, rather I am saying that ‘Alif’ is a letter, ‘Laam’ is a letter and ‘Meem’ is a letter.(Tirmidhi)

 

Optional prayers:

وعن أبي هريرة قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إن أول ما يحاسب به العبد يوم القيامة من عمله صلاته فإن صلحت فقد أفلح وأنجح وإن فسدت فقد خاب وخسر فإن انتقص من فريضته شيء قال الرب تبارك وتعالى انظروا هل لعبدي من تطوع فيكمل بِا ما انتقص من الفريضة ثم يكون سائر عمله على ذلك )أبو داود(

 

Abu Hurayrah (RA) said, I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say, ‘the first deed for which a servant of Allah (SWT) will be reckoned on the Day of Judgment will be his salah. If that is well, he has succeeded and prospered. Otherwise, he will be in loss and failure. If there is any deficiency in his compulsory Salah, The Lord, Most High, will say, ‘See if my servant has any optional Salah which will complete what has been omitted from his compulsory prayers.’ Then the rest of his deeds will be dealt with in a similar manner.” (Abu Dawud)

Du’a:

Allah (SWT) says:  وإِذ ا سأ ل ك عِب ادِي ع ني ف إِ ن ق رِيبٌ أُجِيبُ دعْ وة الدَّاعِ إِذ ا د عانِ ف لْي سْت جِيبُوا لِ ولْيُ ؤْمِنُوا بِي ل علَّهُمْ ي رْشُدُو ن )البقرة: 186

 

When my servants ask you concerning me, (tell them) I am indeed close (to them). I listen to the prayer  of every supplicant when he calls on me.” (Baqarah: 186)

عن عمرو بن شعيب عن أبيه عن جده أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: “خير الدعاء دعاء يوم عرفة، وخير ما قلت أنا والنبيون من قبلي: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الْمد، وهو على كل شيء قدير )ترمذي(

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, The best dua is the one made on the day of ‘Arafah and the best thing said by me and the prophets before me (on this day) is that there is no god but Allah (SWT) alone; He has no partner. For him is the ultimate sovereignty and all praise and  he has power over everything” (Tirmizi)

Sincere Repentance:

It is customary  that we cleanse our bodies before attending  a noble gathering. Likewise,  we should  cleanse our souls before the coming  of the blessed nights.  We should repent to Allah (SWT)   and beseech him to forgive all of our sins, major and minor alike, so that we can make these days a start of a new beginning.

ول وْ أ ن هَُّمْ إِذْ ظ ل مُوا أ نْ فُ سهُمْ جاءُو ك ف اسْت غْ فرُوا اللَّّ واسْت غْ ف ر لهمُُ الرَّسُولُ ل و جدُوا اللَّّ ت وَّاابا رحِيا ما

Whoever wrongs himself then seeks forgiveness from Allah (SWT), he will find Allah (SWT) forgiving and merciful.” (Nisa: 64)

إِنَّ اللَّّ يُحِبُّ التَّ وَّابِ ين ويُحِبُّ الْمُت ط هرِي ن

 

Truly Allah (SWT) loves those who turn [to Him] in repentance, and He loves those who keep themselves in purity.” (Baqarah: 222)

 

Fasting the First Nine Days:

عن هنيدة بن خالد عن امرأته عن بعض أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قالت: “كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم تسع ذي الْجة، ويوم عاشوراء، وثلاثة أيام من كل شهر” )أبو داود(

 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) would fast the (first) nine days of Dhul Hijjah, the tenth of Muharram, and three days every month(Abu Dawud)

 

Fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah:

عن أبي قتادة الأنصاري رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سئل عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال : ” يُك فِر السنة الماضية والباقية ” )مسلم(

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked about fasting on the day of Arafah (the ninth of Dhul Hijjah), he said: (Fasting on that day) will atone for the sins of the past year and the upcoming year.” (Muslim)

 

Note: It is impermissible to fast of the day of ‘Eid and the three days following it (the days of Tashreeq).

Reciting Takbeer in Abundance:

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله : ما مِن أ يام أعظمُ عند الله ولا أح ب إلى الله العملُ فيه ن من أ يام العشر، فأكثِروا فيه ن من التسبيح والتحميد والتهليل والتكبير )الطبران (

 

Ibn Abbas (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)     said, There are no days greater in the sight of Allah (SWT) and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to him than the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah), so during this time recite SubhanAllah (SWT), Alhamdulillah, La ilaha ill-Allah (SWT), and Allah (SWT)u Akbar in abundance. ” (Tabrani)

عن عبدالله رضي الله تعالى عنه , أنه كان يكبر أيام التشريق : الله أكبر الله أكبر, لا إله إلا الله , والله أكبر الله أكبر , ولله الْمد )ابن ابي شيبة(

 

Abdullah Ibn Mas`ood (RA) would recite the following takbeer during the days of Tashreeq: Allah (SWT) u akbar, Allah (SWT) u akbar. La ilaha ill-Allah (SWT) wa Allah (SWT) u akbar, Allah (SWT) u akbar wa lillahi alhamd(Ibn Abi Shaybah)

قال الإمام البخاري رحمه الله” كان ابن عمر وأبو هريرة رضي الله عنهما يخرجان إلى السوق في أيام العشر يكبران ويكبر الناس بتكبيرهما

Imam Bukhari    has mentioned,  Ibn Umar and Abu Hurayra (RA) would  go to thmarketplace during the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah) whilst reciting takbeer and the people would join them in reciting takbeer as well.” (Bukhari)

 

Avoid Cutting Nails or Hair (for those who intend to sacrifice):

أم سلمة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” إِذ ا د خل تِ الْ عشْرُ وأ را د أ حدُكُمْ أ نْ يُ ض ح ي ف لا يَ سَّ مِنْ ش عرِه وب شرِه شيْ ئاا ” أخرجه مسلم ، وفي رواية أخرى لمسلم : ” إِذ ا رأ يْ تُمْ هِ لا ل ذِي الِْْجَّةِ وأ را د أ حدُكُمْ أ نْ يُ ض ح ي ف لْيُمْسِكْ عنْ شعْرِه وأ ظْ فارِه

 

Umm Salmah (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “When the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah) commence and any of you intends to sacrifice (on Eid), then he should avoid cutting anything from his hair or body (i.e. he shouldn’t clip his nails).” It is mentioned  in another narration that he (PBUH) said, Once you have sighted the moon of Dhul Hijjah and one of you intends to sacrifice, then they should avoid cutting their hair or clipping their nails.” (Muslim)

Starting the Takbeer of Tashreeq:

While it is desirable to recite takbeer in abundance during these ten days in general, it is mandatory (wajib) to recite the takbeer aloud at least once after each salah from  the Fajr on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah until the end of the days of tashreeq (until the ‘Asr on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah).

قيل لأحمد رحمه الله: بأي حديث تذهب إلى أن التكبير من صلاة الفجر يوم عرفة إلى آخر أيام التشريق ؟ قال : بالإجماع : عم ر وعل ي وابنِ عباس وابنِ مسعود رضي الله عنهم )المغني (

 

Imam Ahmad   was asked regarding the proof for reciting takbeer (of tashreeq) from Fajr Salah on the day of Arafah until the end of the days of tashreeq. He replied, “This is established through the consensus of Umar, Ali, Ibn Abbas, and Ibn Masood (RA) .” (Al-Mughni)

Note: Women should recite the takbeer in a low tone. The prescribed takbeer for both men and women is as follows:

اللَّّ أ كْب رُ، اللَّّ أ كْب رُ، لا إِل ه إِلَّا اللَُّّ، واللَّّ أ كْب رُ، ا للُّ أ كْب رُ، و للّ الْْ مْدُ

 

Adopting the Sunnah:

 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) would make constant du’a for us throughout  the entire year. It is through him that Allah (SWT)         has showered  this Ummah with so many blessings and opportunities. The least we should be doing to repay this immense favor is showing our love for him by emulating his practices.

Following  the Sunnah is a command from Allah (SWT)   :

قُلْ إِنْ كُنْ تُمْ تُُِبُّو ن اللَّّ ف اتَّ بِعُونِ يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَُّّ وي غْفِرْ ل كُمْ ذُنُوب كُمْ واللَُّّ غ فُورٌ رحِيمٌ )آل عمران(

Say (O Muhammad to mankind): “If you love Allah (SWT), then follow me, Allah (SWT) will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah (SWT)  is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Aali Imran: 31)

عنْ كثِيرِ بْنِ عبْدِ اللَِّّ، عنْ أ بِيهِ، ع نْ ج دِهِ، أ نَّ النَّبِيَّ صلَّى اللَُّّ ع ل يْهِ و سلَّ م ق ا ل لِبِ لا لِ بْنِ الْْ ارِ :ِِ اعْل مْ عمْ رو بْ ن عوْ ف ق ا ل: ما أ عْل مُ يا رسُو ل اللَِّّ؟ ق ا ل: إِنَّهُ منْ أ حْ ي ا سُنَّةا مِنْ سُنَّتِِ ق دْ أُمِيت تْ ب عْدِي، ف إِنَّ ل هُ مِ ن الأ جْرِ مِثْ ل منْ عمِ ل بِِ ا مِنْ غ يْرِ أ نْ ي نْ قُ ص مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شيْ ئاا، و منْ ابْ ت دع بِدْ عة ض لال ة لا تُ رْضِي اللَّّ و رسُول هُ كا ن عل يْهِ مِثْلُ آ ثَمِ منْ عمِ ل بِِ ا لا ي نْ قُصُ ذ لِ ك مِنْ أ وْ زارِ النَّاسِ شيْ ئاا )ترمذى(

 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)           said: Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah  that is forgotten after my death, he will receive a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without decreasing the very least from  their  reward.” (Tirmidhi)

 

Section 3:

Sahur and Iftar

As it has been mentioned in the ahadith before, fasting during these days is extremely virtuous, especially fasting on the day of ‘Arafah. Since many people will be intending  to fast Insha Allah (SWT),  we have  briefly  mentioned some virtues and du’as for sahur and iftaar.

Virtues of Eating Sahur (Dawn Meal)

وكُلُوا واشْ ربُوا حتَّى ي ت ب ين ل كُمُ الْْ يْطُ الْأ بْ ي ضُ مِ ن الْْ يْطِ الْأ سْ ودِ مِ ن الْ فجْرِ

 

Eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of the night)” (Baqarah: 187)

عن عمرو بن العاص قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن فصل ما بين صيامنا وصيام أهل الكتاب أكلة السحور) نسائي

 

‘Amr ibn al ‘Aas (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)   said, The point of difference between our fasting and the fasting of the people of the book is eating sahur.(Nasai)

 

عن سهل بن سعد رضي الله عنه قال: كنت أتسحر في أهلي ثم تكون سرعتِ أن أدرك السجود مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أي صلاة الفجر )بخاري(

Sahl ibn Sa’d (RA) said, “I used to do sahur with my family and I would try to be quick as to reach the prostration (of fajr salah) with The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) .” (Bukhari)

عن أبن عباس قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إنا معاشر الأنبياء أمرنا أن نجعل فطرنا وان نؤخر سحورنا وان نضع أيَاننا على شمائلنا في الصلاة ) طبران

 

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (RA) says, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)       saying, We, the prophets, have been ordered to make haste in breaking the fast, delay the sahur, and place our right hand over our left hand in salah.” (Tabarani)

قال صلَّى اللَُّّ عل يْهِ و سلَّ م “إن الله وملائكته يصلون على المتسحرين ) ابن حبان (

 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, Verily Allah (SWT) and his angels send blessings on those who eat sahur.” (Ibn Hibban)

 

Virtues of Eating Iftar:

عن سهل بن سعد أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا يزال الناس بخير ما عجلوا الفطر ) بخاري

 

Sahl ibn Sa’d (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)          said, The people will continuously be in benefit so long as they hasten the iftar. (Bukhari)

 

عن أنس بن مالك قال: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يفطر قبل أن يصلي على رطبات، فإن لم تكن رطبات فتميرات، فإن لم تكن تميرات حسا حسوات من ماء )ترمذي(

Anas ibn Malik (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)     would break his fast with a few fresh dates before offering salah. If fresh dates were not readily available, he would break it with dry dates. If dry dates were not available, he would drink a few sips of water. (Tirmidhi)

Du’a (supplication) for Iftar:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا أفطر قال: ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله )أبو داود(

Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)       would break his fast, he would say, The thirst has beequenched, the veins have been moistened, and the reward  has been established by the will of Allah (SWT).” (Abu Dawud)

النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا أفطر قال: اللهم لك صمت، وعلى رزقك أفطرت )أبو داود(

 

When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)  would break his fast, he would say, “O Allah (SWT)! I have fasted for your sake and I break my fast with your provisions.” (Abu Dawud)

 

Chapter Two:

‘Eid: A Brief History and the Sunnah

Section 1:

A Brief History of ‘Eid al-Adha:

Just how after Ramadan we are gifted with an ‘Eid to celebrate our efforts after Ramadhan, this ‘Eid also is a gift from Allah (SWT)          to us for exerting ourselves during the first nine days of this holy month. However, while we have been celebrating ‘Eid al– Adha for many years, many of us may not truly know the history behind the inception

of this great day. In order for us to truly value this gift from Allah (SWT)      , it is imperative for us to at least briefly  understand its background. The basis of this blessed day dates back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim (AS).

The Sacrifice of Ibrahim (AS)  :

قال الله تعالى: وق ا ل إِ ن ذ اهِبٌ إِ لى ر بي سي هْدِينِ ) 99 ( ر ب هبْ لِ مِ ن الصَّالِِْ ين ) 100 ( ف ب شَّرْ ناهُ بِغُ لا م حلِي م ) 101 ( ف ل مَّا ب ل غ
م عهُ السَّعْ ي ق ا ل ياب نيَّ إِ ن أ رى فِي الْ من امِ أ ن أ ذْ بَُ ك ف انْظُرْ ماذ ا ت رى ق ا ل ياأ ب تِ افْ علْ ما تُ ؤْ مرُ س ت جِدُنِ إِنْ شاء اللَّّ مِ ن الصَّابِرِي ن
( 102 ( ف ل مَّا أ سْل ما وت لَّه لِلْ جبِينِ ) 103 ( و نا ديْ ن اه أ نْ ياإِبْ راهِيمُ ) 104 ( ق دْ صدَّقْ ت الرُّؤْ يا إِنَّا ك ذلِ ك نجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِ ين ) 105 ( إِنَّ
ه ذا له و الْب لاء الْمُبِينُ ) 106 ( )سورة الصافات(

 

And he (Ibrahim)  said: Verily, I am going to my Lord. He will guide me! O my Lord! Grant me (offspring) from the righteous.” We then gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy. When he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said: O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice to Allah (SWT)), so tell me what you think!” He said: “O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha’ Allah (SWT) (if Allah (SWT) wills), you shall find me of those who are patient. Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allah (SWT)) and he had laid him on his forehead, we called out to him, O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream. Surely, we reward those who do good. Undoubtedly, this was a clear test.”  (As-Saffaat:99-106)

 

When ‘Eid Became Obligatory:

وفي السنة الثانية…ضحى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بالمدينة وخرج بالناس إلى المصلى. )أسد الغابة(

 

In the second year (after migration to Madina), the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) performed the sacrifice (of Eid) and congregated with the masses in the prayer area. (Usud al-Ghaaba)

 

Section 2:

Sunnah and Preferable actions For the Day of ‘Eid:

As we have mentioned  before, during  the days of Dhul Hijjah, one should try to act upon as many Sunnahs and emulate the Messenger (PBUH) as much as one can. Below, however, we will briefly mention  some of the Sunnahs specific to the day of ‘Eid.

Adopting Various Forms of Beautification:

رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في العيدين أن نلبس أجود ما « : عن زيد بن الْسن بن علي، عن أبيه، رضي الله عنهما قال
نجد، وأن نتطيب بأجود ما نجد، وأن نضحي بأسمن ما نجد )حاكم(

Ali (RA) narrates that the Messenger (PBUH) would command us on the days of Eid to wear our best clothes, to put on our best perfumes, and to slaughter the best animal we can(Hakim)

» كان تْ لِلنَّ بي صلَّى الله عل يْهِ و سلَّ م جُبَّة ي لْب سُ ها فِي الْعِي ديْنِ، وي وْمِ الجُْمُع ةِ « : عنْ جابِرِ بْنِ عبْدِ اللَِّّ

 

Jabir (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had a (specific) cloak he would wear (only) on the two Eids and on the day of Jum’ah(Ibn Khuzayma)

 

Note: While adorning ourselves on the day of ‘Eid, it is important to ensure that we stay within the boundaries of shari’ah  and dress modestly. Women  should also ensure that they remain particular about the rulings of hijab and avoid using fragrance when leaving the house or in the presence of non-Mahrams.

 

Not Eating Until After ‘Eid Prayer:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لا يغدو يوم الفطر حتى يأكل، ولا يأكل يوم الأضحى حتى يرجع فيأكل من أضحيته )احمد(

The Messenger (PBUH) would not leave for ‘Eid alFitr until he ate and he would not eat on ‘Eid al-Adha until he would return and eat from the animal he sacrificed. (Ahmad)

It is generally difficult to abstain from eating until the slaughter is offered, as sometimes the animal is not sacrificed until later on during the day. In such a case, one should  still try to act upon this Sunnah as much as possible and delay eating till after the prayer anyways, even if his first meal will not be from the animal he sacrificed.

Reciting Takbeer While Going to the ‘Eid Prayer

عن ابن عمر، أنه كان يخرج في العيدين من المسجد، فيكبر حتى يأتي المصلى )الْاكم(

 

Ibn Umar (RA) would leave from the masjid for the ‘Eid prayers and would recite Takbeeuntil he reached the prayer area. (Hakim)

 

Using Different Pathways Going and Returning From ‘Eid:

عن أبي هريرة، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم( » كان إذا خرج إلى العيد رجع في غير الطريق الذي أخذ فيه «

Abu Huraira (RA) narrates that when the Messenger (PBUH) would  go for Eid, he would return taking a different path from the one he used to come(Ibn Majah)

 

Chapter 3:

The Sacrifice on the Day of ‘Eid and Its Pertinent Rulings

Importance of Offering Sacrifice

In remembrance of the sacrifice of Ibrahim (AS), Muslims have been commanded  to offer a sacrifice on the day of ‘Eid. The virtue and importance of this injunction has been highlighted in many ahadith.

( » من كان له سعة، ولم يضح، فلا يقربن مصلانا « : عن أبي هريرة، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

 

Abu Huraira (RA) has mentioned that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)    has said, Whosoever has the means (to offer sacrifice) and yet does not slaughter (an animal as sacrifice), they should not

even come near our prayer area (for Eid).” (Ibn Majah)

عن عائشة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: ما عمل آدمي من عمل يوم النحر، أحب إلى الله من – – – –
إهراق الدم، إنها لتأتي يوم القيامة بقرونها وأشعارها وأظلافها، وإن الدم ليقع من الله بمكان قبل أن يقع من الأرض فطيبوا بِا نفس اا
)الترمذي

‘Aisha (RA) reports that The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)      has said, A person does not perform any action of the Day of Nahr (‘Eid al Adha) more beloved to Allah (SWT) than spilling the blood (i.e sacrificing an animal). On the Day of Judgment, it will appear with its horns, hair, and hooves. Indeed the blood  is accepted by Allah (SWT) before it even falls onto the earth, so let your hearts be content with it.” (Tirmidhi)

 

Upon whom is the Sacrifice Compulsory?

Sacrifice is compulsory upon any Muslim  who possesses assets (of gold, silver, or cash) equivalent to the value of 87.4 grams of gold  or 612.35 grams of silver after subtracting any pending debts. However, if one is a traveler during  the days of sacrifice (10th-13th of Dhul Hijjah), then it is not compulsory upon him to offer sacrifice.

عن إبراهيم النخعي قال: رخص للحاج والمسافر أن لا يضحي )مصنف عبد الرزاق(

 

Ibrahim anNakha’i  has mentioned, “A person performing Hajj or travelling has been given the leniency (by shari’ah) to not offer the sacrifice.” (Abdur Razzaq)

The Designated Time for Slaughter:

 

The designated time for the slaughter is from after the ‘Eid prayer until the end of the days of Tashreeq (10th-13th of Dhul Hijjah).

 

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:من ذبح قبل أن يصلي فليعد مكانها أخرى ومن لم يذبح فليذبح )البخاري ومسلم(

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)   said, Whoever slaughtered before offering the (‘Eid) prayer should slaughter another animal in place of it. And whoever has not yet offered the sacrifice should now slaughter.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

ووقت الذبح أربعة أيام ،يوم النحر وثلاثة أيام التشريق ، لما ثبت عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال : كل أيام التشريق ذبح )رواه أحمد (

 

The designated time for slaughter is four days; the day of ‘Eid and the three days of Tashreeq. This  is based on the hadith that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)   has said, “Each day of Tashreeq is the time for slaughter.” (Ahmad)

The Amount of Individuals One Animal can suffice for:

Generally, the sacrifice of one animal is sufficient for only one individual. This is the case for goats or sheep. However,  the sacrifice of a cow, buffalo  or camel, can suffice for up to seven people.

عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال: نحرنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ام الْديبية البدنة عن سبعة، والبقرة عن سبعة )مسلم(

 

Jabir (RA) narrates, In the year of Hudaibiya, we slaughtered a camel on behalf of seven people and  a cow on behalf of seven people.” (Muslim)

Conditions for Slaughter:

Minimum age of slaughtered animal:

The Shari’ah has prescribed  a minimum age limit for the animals to be slaughtered. A camel should be at least five years of age; a cow/buffalo should be at least two, while a sheep/goat should be at least one. It would  also be permitted  to slaughter  a six-month old sheep if it physically  appears to be one-year old.

عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : لا تذبَوا إلا مُسِنَّة ا إلا أن ي عْسُ ر عليكم ، فتذبَوا ج ذ عة ا من الضأن )مسلم(

 

 

Jabir (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, Only sacrifice a grownup animal, unless it is difficult for you, in which case you may slaughter a six-month old sheep.” (Muslim)

The animal should be free from major defects:

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه قال : قام فينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : ) أربع لا تجوز في الأضاحي – – – –
العوراء البين عورُها ، والمريضة البين مرضها ، والعرجاء البين ظ ل عُها ، والكسيرة التِ لا تُ نْقِي( ) أبو داود والترمذي والنسائي(

 

Baraa bin ‘Aazib (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)    was once among  us and  said, Four (types of) animals are not permissible to sacrifice: a oneeyed animal which has clearly lost sight in one eye, an animal which has a clear and obvious sickness, a lame animal which has an obvious limp, and an animal with a broken  leg with no marrow.” (Abu Dawud)

 

Preferable Actions in Regard to Slaughter:

One should slaughter their animal themselves:

Although it is permissible to have someone else (such as a butcher) slaughter an animal on one’s behalf, it is preferable for one to sacrifice the animal themselves (if possible) as this was the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (PBUH) .

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال :ضحى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بكبشين أملحين أقرنين ، ذبَهما بيده وسمى وكبر ، ووضع رجله على صفاحهما ) مسلم(

 

Anas (RA)  reports that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)    sacrificed two horned rams which were white in color with black markings. He slaughtered them with his own hands whilst reciting the name of Allah (SWT) and glorifying him. He also placed his foot on their sides (while slaughtering). (Muslim)

Slaughtering on behalf of others

عن جابر بن عبد الله، قال: شهدت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الأضحى بالمصلى، فلما قضى خطبته نزل من منبره وأتي
بكبش فذبَه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بيده، وقال: بسم الله، والله أكبر، هذا عني، وعمن لم يضح من أمتِ )ابو داود(

 

Jabir (RA) narrates: I was with  the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)          on the day of Eid alAdha in the prayer area. After he finished his sermon, he descended from  his pulpit and was brought a ram which he slaughtered by hand. The Messenger (PBUH) said, In the name of Allah (SWT) and Allah (SWT) is the greatest! This is on behalf of myself and those who were unable to slaughter from my Ummah.” (Abu Dawud)

Distributing the meat from the sacrifice:

قال تعالى : ف كُلُوا مِنْ ها وأ طْعِمُوا الْب ائِ س الْ فقِ ير ) الْج : 28 ( وقال تعالى : ف كُلُوا مِنْ ها وأ طْعِمُوا الْ قانِ ع والْمُعْت رَّ )الْج 36

 

Allah (SWT)      mentions in the Qur’an: “Eat from it (the sacrifice) and feed those who are needy and troubled.” He says in another place in the Qur’an: “Eat from it and feed the people who ask and those who do not ask.” (Hajj: 28/36)

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن كنت نهيتكم أن تأكلوا لْوم الأضاحي إلا ثلاثَ، فكلوا وأطعموا وادخروا ما بدا لكم

 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)   has said, I would previously forbid you from eating the meat from the sacrifice except for three days, (from  now on) you may eat, feed, and store (for eating later) however much you wish. (Nasai)

 

Closing Remarks:

As a final note, it is important that while we enjoy and celebrate the blessed day of ‘Eid al-Adha, we do not forget to thank Allah (SWT)     for all the blessings He has bestowed  upon us. Many people tend to forget all of the resolves they made during these blessed days and fall back into their old habits. We must use all the hard work and effort exhausted during the first nine days of Dhul Hijjah as a turning point in our lives. May Allah (SWT)  accept all of our efforts, worship, and forgive our shortcomings. Ameen!

Layout mode
Predefined Skins
Custom Colors
Choose your skin color
Patterns Background
Images Background